Volume : VI, Issue : II, March - 2022
IntroductionTuberculosis (TB) is a worldwide leading public health problem even today. It affects all tissues of the body, but Pulmonary tuberculosis is the most common type of tuberculosis ( 80% total tuberculosis cases). Extrapulmonary form of TB has significant challenges in its clinical identification, diagnostic confirmation and treatment. Out of extrapulmonary cases, TB occurring in head and neck region is uncommon.Materials and methodsA prospective analytical study of 50 patients who presented to ENT OPD setup of our tertiary care hospital with extra pulmonary TB. We look at the various clinical and laboratory aspects of tuberculosis of the otorhinolaryngeal region that would help to diagnose this uncommon but important form of extra pulmonary tuberculosis.ResultMale: Female ratio was 1.8:1 exhibiting male preponderance. Majority of the patients belonged to the age group of 20-40 years. Our study included patients with tuberculous cervical lymphadenopathy (84%), laryngeal TB (2%), tuberculous otitis media (12%), and retropharyngeal abscess (2%). FNAC is a reliable and easy way to diagnose TB of cervical nodes, and excision biopsy is indicated when FNAC is inconclusive.Conclusion Extra pulmonary TB is significant health problem worldwide. It poses a challenge in diagnosis and monitoring of the treatment. The ear, nose, PNS, pharynx, larynx and cervical nodes are very important anatomical sites of extra pulmonary affliction. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of EPTB will prevent its progression and complication. The practical implications of an awareness of ENT tuberculosis are a benefit of anti-tubercular therapy and hence conservative management usually suffices.
INCIDENCE OF TUBERCULOSIS IN OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY - OUR EXPERIENCE FROM A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE IN WESTERN INDIA, Dr. Kinnari K. Rathod, Dr. Nehal R. Patel, Dr. Alpesh V. Patel, Dr. Payal R. Vadher, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MEDICINE : Volume-6 | Issue-2 | March-2022